19 February 2014 CE | 17 Rabbi al-Thanni 1435 AH

Hadith Explanation

Expiation of Backbiting

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “He who injures the honour or property of his brother Muslim should seek pardon from him before the Day of Judgement comes. On that day his virtues will be taken. If he has got no virtues, the sins of the back-bited will be mixed up with his sins and they will be increased.” [Ihya Ulum Id Deen by Imam Ghazali]

Aisha (radi Allahu anha) said to another about a woman that the border of her cloth was long. It was considered backbiting and for that she sought pardon from that woman. [Ihya Ulum Id Deen by Imam Ghazali]

If you have ever said anything about anybody that they would not like to have said about them or theirs, then seek Allah’s forgiveness now. Should you die with this sin then you will have to compensate your victim on the Day of Judgement by giving your good deeds to them or taking their bad deeds on to your own record.

Repentance involves two things: (1) The backbiter sincerely regrets what he has said and feels sorry for it and ashamed of himself. (2) He seeks the pardon of the backbited person very humbly.

Hasan Basri (rahimulhullah) said: “It is sufficient to seek forgiveness for the backbited person. There is no necessity to seek his pardon.” He supports his opinion by the following hadith, “To seek forgiveness for the one who has been backbited is expiation for backbiting.”

Mujahid (rahimuhullah) said: “The expiation of eating the rotten flesh of your brother is to praise him and to pray for his good.” [Ihya Ulum Id Deen by Imam Ghazali]

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